You are here : Dr. Martin E.P. Seligman’s Curriculum Vitae

Dr. Martin E.P. Seligman’s Curriculum Vitae

This page has a chronological listing of all of Dr. Martin E.P. Seligman’s books and other publications. This page also has numerous links, including:

  1. Links to Article Abstracts (Click on the article name)
  2. Links to Book Publishers (Click on the publisher name)
  3. Links to Scientific Journals (Click on the journal name)

If you have an interest in a particular subject matter, many of these publications are also organized by subject matter in separate pages.  The following areas of interest have separate listings of publications you can review:

  1. Positive Psychology Research
  2. Attributional Style (Adults)
  3. Attributional Style (Children)
  4. Content Analysis of Verbatim Explanations (CAVE)
  5. Learned Helplessness
  6. Learned Optimism Training and the Prevention of Depression in Adults
  7. Learned Optimism Training and the Prevention of Depression in Children
  8. Effectiveness of Treatments

This is a long page.  You can use the following Table of Contents to quickly navigate through this page by clicking on the section you are interested in.

Curriculum Vitae

I.      Degrees

II.     Appointments Recent

III.    Appointments Past

IV.    Scientific and Scholarly Affiliations

V.     Grants

VI.    Awards

VII.   Books

VIII.  Scientific and Scholarly Publications

IX.    Publications for the General Public

X.     Professional Publications

XI.    Bridge Publications

XII.   Unpublished Manuscripts


Martin E.P. Seligman

Department of Psychology
University of Pennsylvania
3720 Walnut Street  
Philadelphia, PA  19104-6241

Phone: 215-898-7173 
Fax:215-573-2188 or 610-896-6273
E-mail:  seligman@psych.upenn.edu  

Born:  Albany, New York 
Birth date:  August 12, 1942
Married (Mandy McCarthy Seligman), 7 children: Amanda, David, Lara, Nicole, Darryl, Carly, and Jenny


   A.B., Princeton University, Summa Cum Laude (Philosophy), 1964

   Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania (Psychology), 1967

   Ph.D., Honoris causa, Uppsala University, Sweden, 1989

   Doctor of Humane Letters, Honoris causa, Massachusetts College of Professional Psychology, 1997  

   Ph.D., Honoris causa, Complutense University, Madrid, 2004



2004 Member, Fellows Nominating Committee, American Academy of Political and Social Science
2002 Member, American Psychological Society William James Award Committee
2001 Program Director, Positive Psychology Young Scholars Grant, John Templeton Foundation
2001 Member, American Academy of Political and Social Science
2000-2003 Scientific Director, Values-in-Action Classification of Strengths and Virtues Project, Mayerson Foundation
2000-2006 Member, Board of Trustees, American Psychological Foundation
2000- Director, Positive Psychology Network
2000- Distinguished Founding Fellow, Academy of Cognitive Therapy
2000-2002 Member, Board of Educational Affairs, American Psychological Association
2000-2001 Treasurer, Executive Board, Council of Scientific Society Presidents
1999-2002 Program Director, Positive Psychology Award, John Templeton Foundation
1999- Robert A. Fox Leadership Professor of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania
1999-2001 Member, Executive Board, Council of Scientific Society Presidents
1999- Chair, Board of Advisors, Solomon Asch Center for the Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict, University of Pennsylvania
1998- National Advisory Board, National Association for Gifted Children
1997-1999 Member, Board of Directors, American Psychological Association
1997- National Advisory Committee, National Interfaith Coalition for Spiritual Healthcare and Counseling
1997- Founding Editor-in-Chief, Prevention and Treatment, [the electronic journal of the American Psychological Association]
1997-2002 Honorary Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Wales, Cardiff
1996 - Member, National Academy of Practice
1996-  Board of Advisors, Parents Magazine
1984- Chairman, Scientific Board, Foresight, Inc.
1976- Professor of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania


2000 Treasurer, Executive Board, Council of Scientific Society Presidents
1999 Past-President, American Psychological Association
1999 Secretary, Executive Board, Council of Scientific Society Presidents
1998 President, American Psychological Association
1997 President-elect, American Psychological Association
1996-1999 Penn National Commission on Society, Culture, and Community
1995-1998 Board of Directors, Eastern Psychological Association
1994-1995 Founding President, InterPsych [international electronic union of psychiatrists and psychologists]
1993-1995 President, Division 12 (Clinical Psychology), American Psychological Association
1992-1999 Bob and Arlene Kogod Term Professor of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania
1990-1992 United Parcel Service Foundation Term Professor of Social Science, University of Pennsylvania
1982 Visiting Fellow, Max Planck Institute, Berlin, Germany
1980-1994 Director of Clinical Training, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania
1980-1983 Master of Van Pelt College House, University of Pennsylvania
1975 Visiting Fellow, Maudsley Hospital, Institute of Psychiatry, University of London
1972-1976 Associate Professor of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania
1970-1971 Visiting Associate Professor of Psychology in Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania
1967-1970 Assistant Professor of Psychology, Cornell University


1990- Society of Experimental Psychologists
1990-97  Editorial Board, Applied Psychology: An International Review, Munich, Germany
1989- Editorial Board, Behaviour Research and Therapy
1985- Editorial Board, The Journal of Preventive Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
1973-1998 Clinical License (Pennsylvania)


1987-95 Editorial Board, Philosophical Psychology
1994 Editorial Council, Journal of Psychological Practice
1991-93 Board of Scientific Affairs, American Psychological Association
1990-91 Chairman, Personnel Committee, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Pennsylvania
1989-91 Board of Trustees, Prescott College, Prescott, AZ
1989-90  Personnel Committee, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Pennsylvania
1989-94 Member, Task Force on Graduate Education, American Psychological Society
1988-91 Public Information Committee, American Psychological Association
1988-90 Member, Task Force on Women and Depression, American Psychological Association
1988-90  Advisory Board, Psychology Today 
1988-89 Member, Founding Steering Committee, American Psychological Society
1988-89 Member, NIMH Research Scientist Development Award Study Section
1986-87 Personnel Committee, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Pennsylvania
1984-85 Co-Chairman, Senior Advisory Board on Longitudinal Studies of Puberty, National Institute of Mental Health
1984-89 Member, MacArthur Foundation Network on Determinants and Consequences of Health-Promoting and Health-Damaging Behavior
1981-88 Social Science Research Council: Sub-Committee on Child Development in Lifespan Perspective
1979-88 Social Science Research Council: Committee on Lifespan Development
1964 Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi
1963-64 National Science Foundation, Undergraduate Research Fellowship, Princeton University
1960-64 Princeton University Scholarship



American Psychological Association

Eastern Psychological Association

Psychonomic Society

American Association for the Advancement of Science

Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy

American Psychopathological Association

Society for Research in Psychopathology

American Psychosomatic Society

American Psychological Society

Association for the Advancement of Psychology

Pennsylvania Psychological Association

Association of Practicing Psychologists

New Jersey Psychological Association

North Carolina Psychological Association


American Association for the Advancement of Science

American Psychological Association

General Division (1)

Experimental Division (3)

Comparative Division (6)

Clinical Division (12)

Aging Division (20)

Health Division (38)

Behaviour Research and Therapy Society

Society of Behavioral Medicine

American Psychological Society

Pennsylvania Psychological Association





2002-2006 Principal Investigator, "Positive Psychology and the Cultivation of Character Among Youth," Fund for the Improvement of Education: Partnerships in Character Education Program, U.S. Department of Education, R215S020045
2002-2004 Principal Investigator, "Positive Youth Development as a Means of Preventing Disorders, Violence, and Suicide," Annenberg Sunnylands Trust Foundation
2002-2006 Principal Investigator: "Prevention of Depression in School Children," National Institute of Mental Health, MH 52270
2001-2005 Principal Investigator: "Prevention of Depression with a Web- Based Supplement," National Institute of Mental Health, MH63430



1996-2001 Principal Investigator: "Prevention of Depression in School Children," National Institute of Mental Health, MH 52270
1991-2001 Principal Investigator: "Prevention of Depression by Change in Explanatory Style," National Institute of Mental Health, MH 19604
1991-2001 Merit Award, National Institute of Mental Health
1987-90 Principal Investigator: "Explanatory Style as a Predictor of Mortality and Morbidity," National Institute of Aging, AG0550
1985-92 Principal Investigator: "Helplessness and Attributional Style in Children, "National Institute of Mental Health, MH 40142
1974-77 Principal Investigator: "Learned Helplessness, Depression and Social Behavior," National Science Foundation, SOC 74 12063
1971-91 Principal Investigator: "Depression and Learned Helplessness" and other titles, National Institute of Mental Health, MH 19604
1969-71 Principal Investigator: "Helplessness and Chronic Fear," National Institute of Mental Health, MH 16546



2006 Distinguished Scientific Achievement Award, American Psychological Association
2005 Distinguished Scientific Achievement Award, Division 12 (Clinical), American Psychological Association
2004 NAGC President's Award, National Association for Gifted Children
2003 Best Psychology Book, Books for a Better Life
2003 Grace of the Moment Medal, Elka Wintergarten Foundation
2002 Lifetime Achievement Award, California Psychological Association
2002 Theodore Roosevelt Fellow, American Academy of Political and Social Science
2002 Presidential Citation for Lifetime Achievement, American Psychological Association
2000 Arthur Staats Award for Unification of Psychology
1998 Psi Chi Frederick Howell Lewis Distinguished Lecturer
1998  Kaiser-Permanente Distinguished Contribution to Public Health Award
1997 Best of the Bulletin Award (for best feature article), American Psychological Association, Division 42 (Independent Practice)
1997  Zubin Award, Society for Research in Psychopathology
1996 Master Lecturer, American Psychological Association
1995 Distinguished Practitioner, National Academy of Practice in Psychology
1995 James McKeen Cattell Fellow Award, American Psychology Society
1995 Distinguished Scientific/Professional Contribution Award, Pennsylvania Psychological Association
1992 Distinguished Scientist Lecturer, American Psychological Association
1992 Distinguished Contribution Award for Basic Research with Applied Relevance, American Association of Applied and Preventive Psychology
1991 William James Fellow Award, American Psychological Society
1988 G. Stanley Hall Lecturer (honoring one undergraduate teacher of abnormal psychology in the U.S.), American Psychological Association
1986 Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, American Psychological Association, Division 12 (Clinical), Section 3 (Experimental)
1978-79 Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, CA
1976 Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award (for early career contribution in animal learning), American Psychological Association
1974-75  Guggenheim Fellow
1964-67 National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship, University of Pennsylvania
1964-65 Woodrow Wilson Fellowship
1964 Philosophy of Mind Prize, Princeton University


A. Seligman, M.E.P. and Hager, J. (Eds.). (1972). Biological Boundaries of Learning. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
B. Seligman, M.E.P. (1975).  Helplessness: On Depression, Development, and Death. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman.

1.Translated: (1976).  Helplessness.  Tokyo: Tuttle-Mori Agency, Inc., (Japanese).

2.Translated: (1976).  Hjalphloshet.  Stockholm: Albert Bonniers, (Swedish).

3 Translated: (1976). Hiflosigkeit.  Munich: Urban and Schwarzenburg, (German). Two editions.

4.Translated: (1977).  Desamparo.  Sao Paulo: Hucitec-Edsup, (Portuguese).

5.Translated: (1977).  Helplessness.  Seoul: (Korean).

6.Translated: (1978).  Helplessness.  Rome: Bulzoni Editore, (Italian).

7.Translated: (1979).  Hulpeloosheid.  Netherlands: Nelissen and Bloemendaal, (Dutch).

8. Translated: (1981).  Helplessness.  Tokyo: Seishin Shobo Ltd., (Japanese).

9. Translated: (1981).  Indefension.  Madrid: Editorial Debate,(Spanish).

C. Maser, J. and Seligman, M.E.P. (Eds.). (1977). Psychopathology: Experimental Models.  San Francisco: W.H. Freeman.

1. Translated: (1983). Modelos Experimentales en Psicopatologia. Madrid: lhambra Universidad, (Spanish).

D. Garber, J. and Seligman, M.E.P. (Eds.). (1980).  Human Helplessness: Theory and Applications.  New York: Academic Press.
E. Rosenhan, D.L. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1984).  Abnormal Psychology.  New York: W.W. Norton.
F. Rosenhan, D.L. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1989).  Abnormal Psychology. Second edition.  New York: W.W. Norton.

1.Translated: (1994).  Psychopatologia.  Warsaw: Polskie Towarzystwo Psychologiczne, (Polish).

G. Seligman, M.E.P. (1990).  Learned Optimism.  New York: Knopf.

1. Translated: (1990).  El Optimismo Se Adquiere.  Buenos Aires: Editorial Atlantida, (Spanish, Argentina).

2. Translated: (1991).  Pessimismus Kusst Man Nicht. Munich: Droemer, (German).

3. Translated: (1991).  Tokyo: Kodansha, (Japanese). Paperback: Kodansha, 1995

4. Translated: (1991).  Optimisme Kun Je Leren.  Utrecht: Het Spectrum, (Dutch).

5. Translated: (1992).  Aprenda a Ser Otimista.  Rio de Janiero: Distribuidora Record de Servicos de Imprensa, S.A., (Portuguese, Brazil).

6. Australian Edition. (1992).  Sydney: Random-Century.

7. Translated: (1992). Optimistin Kasikrja. Finland: Otava, (Finnish).

8. Translated: (1993).  Warsaw: Media Rodzina, (Polish).

9. Translated: (1994).  Apprendre L'Optimisme.  Paris: InterEditions, (French).

10. Translated: (1995). Montreal: Editions Sogides, (French, Canada).

11. Translated: (1996). Imparare L'Ottimismo.  Florence: Giunti Gruppo Editoriale, (Italian). 

12.Translated: (1996). Taipei, Taiwan: Yuan-Liou Press, (Chinese, complex).

13. Translated: (1996).  Seoul, Korea: Origin, (Korean).

14.Translated: (1997).  Moscow, Russia: Perseus Publishers, (Russian).

15.Translated: (1998).  Barcelona, Spain: Ediciones Grijalbo, (Spanish).

16. Translated: (1998).  Taipei, Taiwan: Xinhua, (Chinese, simple).

17. Translated: (2002). Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Jarir (Arabic).

Other Editions:

Book of the Month Club. 1991

Rodale Press Book Club, 1991

Psychotherapy and Social Science Book Club, 1991

Quality Paperback Book Club, 1991

Paperback Edition: Pocket Books (Simon & Schuster), 1991

Audio Edition: Simon & Schuster, 1991

H. Seligman, M.E.P. (1991).  Helplessness: On Depression, Development, and Death. Second edition. New York: W.H. Freeman.
I. Peterson, C., Maier, S., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1993).  Learned Helplessness: A Theory for the Age of Personal Control. New York: Oxford.  

1. Translated: (2000). Osaka: Nihei-sha, (Japanese).

J. Buchanan, G. and Seligman, M.E.P. (Eds.). (1995).  Explanatory Style. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.
K. Seligman, M.E.P. (1994).  What You Can Change and What You Can't.  New York: Knopf.

1. Australian Edition.  (1994).  Sydney: Random-Century.

2. Translated: (1994).  Warsaw: Media Rodzina, (Polish).

3. Translated: (1995).  No Puedo Ser Mas Alto Pero Puedo Ser Mejor. Barcelona: Grijalbo Mondadori S.A., (Spanish).

4.Translated: (1995).  O Que Voce Pode e o Que Nao Pode Modar.  Rio de Janeiro: Editora Objetiva, (Portuguese).

5. Translated: (1995). Changer Oui C’est Possible. Paris: Editions Sogides,(French).

6. Translated: (1997).  Moscow: Persei, (Russian).  

7. Translated: (2002). Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Jarir (Arabic).

Other Editions:

Book of the Month Club, 1994

Audio Edition:  Simon and Schuster, 1994

Paperback edition, Ballantine, 1995

L. Rosenhan, D.L. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1995).  Abnormal Psychology. Third edition. New York:  W.W. Norton.
M. Seligman, M.E.P., Reivich, K., Jaycox, L., and Gillham, J. (1995). The Optimistic Child.  New York:  Houghton Mifflin.

1. Australian edition.  (1995).  Sydney: Random House.

2. Translated: (1997).  Rowohlt, (German).

3. Translated: (1997).  Warsaw: Media Rodzina, (Polish).

4. Translated: (1998).  Det Optimistiska Barnet.  Jonkoping: Brain Books,(Swedish).

5. Translated: (1998).  Am Oved, (Hebrew).

6. Translated: (1998).  Taipai, Taiwan: Yuan-Liou Press, (Chinese, complex).

7. Translated: (1999). Ninos Optimistas. Barcelona: Grijalbo, (Spanish).

8. Translated: (2004). Origin, (Korean).

9. Translated: (2004). Shanghai Literature & Arts, (Chinese, simple).

10. Translated: (2004). Diamond, (Japanese)

Other Editions:

Book of the Month Club, 1995

Paperback edition, Harper Collins, 1996

Audio Edition, Harper Collins, 1996

N. Seligman, M.E.P. (1998).  Learned Optimism.  Second edition.  New York: Pocket Books (Simon and Schuster).

1. Translated: (2000). Warsaw: Media Rodzina (Polish).

2. Translated: (2001). Seoul, Korea: Origin (Korean).  

3. Translated: (2002). Oslo, Norway: Forlaget WEM (Norwegian).

4. Translated (2003). Bucharest, Romania: Humanitas, (Romanian).

O. Seligman, M.E.P. and Rosenhan, D.L. (1998).  Abnormality.   New York: W.W. Norton.
P. Gillham, J.E. (Ed).  (2000).  The Science of Optimism and Hope: Research Essays in Honor of Martin E. P. Seligman.  Radnor, PA: Templeton Foundation Press.  
Q. Seligman, M.E.P., Walker, E., & Rosenhan, D.L. (2001). Abnormal Psychology. (4th ed.) New York: W.W. Norton.
R. Chirot, D., & Seligman, M.E.P.  (Eds.) (2001). Ethnopolitical Warfare: Causes, Consequences, and Possible Solutions. Washington, D.C.: APA Press.
S. Seligman, M.E.P. (2002). Authentic Happiness: Using the New Positive Psychology to Realize Your Potential for Lasting Fulfillment. New York: Free Press/Simon and Schuster.  

1. Australian Edition. (2002). NSW, Australia: Random House Australia.

2. Translated: (2002). Utrecht, The Netherlands: Uitgeverij Het Spectrum BV (Dutch).

3. Translated: (2003). Munich, Germany: Ehrenwirth/Luebbe (German).

4. Translated: (2003). Israel: Modan Publishers (Hebrew).

5. Translated: (2003). China: Yuan-Liou (Chinese, Complex).

6. Translated: (2003). Rio de Janiero, Brazil: Editora Objetiva (Portuguese).

7. Translated: (2003). Milan, Italy: Sperling & Kupfer (Italian).

8. Translated: (2003): Madrid, Spain: Ediciones B (Spanish).

9. Translated: (2003). Euromedia, (Czech).

10. Translated: (2003). CITIC, (Chinese simple).

11. Translated: (2003). UK: Nicholas Brealey Publishing, (English).

12. Translated: (2003). Aspect, (Japanese).

13. Translated: (2003). Seoul: Malpure, (Korean).

14. Translated: (2003). Aschehoug, (Danish).

15. Translated: (2003). Warsaw: Media Rodzina, (Polish).

16. Translated: (2003). Ediciones d’Ada, (French).

17. Translated: (2003). Livanis, (Greek).

18. Translated: (2004). Khabarovsk, (Russian).

Audio Edition: Simon & Schuster Audio, 2003

T. Peterson, Christopher & Seligman, M.E.P. (2004). Character Strengths and Virtues A Handbook and Classification. Washington, D.C.: APA Press and Oxford University Press.



214. Chaplin, T.M., Gillham, J.E., Reivich, K., Levy-Elkton, A., Samuels, B., Freres, D.R., Winder, B. & Seligman, M.E.P. (2006). Depression prevention for early adolescent girls: A pilot study of all-girls versus co-ed groups. Journal of Early Adolescence, 26(1), 110-126.

215. Duckworth, A.L. Seligman, M.E.P. (2006). Self-discipline outdoes IQ in predicting academic performance of adolescents. Psychological Science, 16(12), 939-944.

216. Duckworth, A.L. & Seligman, M.E.P. (2006). Self-discipline gives girls the edge: Gender in self-discipline, grades, and achievement test scores. Journal of Educational Psychology, 98(1), 198-208.

217. Peterson, C., Park, N. & Seligman, M.E.P. (2006). Greater strengths of character and recovery from illness. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 1(1), 17-26.

218. Seligman, M.E.P., Parks, A.C. & Steen, T. (2006). A balanced psychology and a full life. In F. Huppert, B. Keverne & N. Baylis, (Eds.), The science of well-being (pp. 275-283), Oxford: Oxford University Press.


205. Dahlsgaard, K., Peterson, C., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2005). Shared virtue: The convergence of valued human strengths across culture and history. Review of General Psychology, 9, 203-213.

206. Duckworth, A.L., Steen, T.A., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2005). Positive psychology in clinical practice. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 1, 629-651.

207. Gillham, J.E., Reivich, K.J., Freres, D.R., Lascher, M., Litzinger, S., Shatte, A., & Seligman, M.E.P. (in press). School-based prevention of depression and anxiety symptoms in early adolescence: A pilot of a parent intervention component. School Psychology Quarterly.

208. Gillham, J.E., Reivich, K.J., Samuels, B., Elkin, A.G.L., Freres, D.R., Chaplin, T.M., Litzinger, S., Lascher, M., Shatte, A.J., Gallop, R., & Seligman, M.E.P. (in preparation). School-based prevention of depressive symptoms: Effectiveness and specificity of the Penn Resiliency Program.

209. Peterson, C., Park, N., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2005). Orientations to happiness and life satisfaction: the full life versus the empty life, Journal of Happiness Studies, 6(1), 25 – 41.

210. Reivich, K.J., Gillham, J.E., Chaplin, T. M., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2005). From helplessness to optimism: The role of resilience in treating and preventing depression in youth. In S. Goldstein & R.B. Brooks (Eds.) Handbook of Resilience in Children. (pp. 223-237). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. 

211. Seligman, M. E. P., Berkowitz, M. W., Catalano, R. F., Damon, W., Eccles, J.S., Gillham, J. E., Moore, K. A., Nicholson, H. J., Park, N., Penn, D. L., Peterson, C., Shih, M., Steen, T. A., Sternberg, R. J., Tierney, J. P., Weissberg, R. P., & Zaff, J. F. (2005). The positive perspective on youth development. In D. L. Evans, E. Foa, R. Gur, H. Hendrin, C. O'Brien, M. E. P. Seligman, & B. T. Walsh (Eds), Treating and preventing adolescent mental health disorders: What we know and what we don’t know (pp. 499-529). New York: Oxford University Press, The Annenberg Foundation Trust at Sunnylands, and The Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania.

212. Seligman, M. E. P. & Steen, T. (submitted). Making people happier: a randomized controlled study of exercises that build positive emotion, engagement, and meaning. American Psychologist

213. Seligman, M. E P, Steen, T., Park, N., & Peterson, C. (2005). Positive psychology progress: Empirical validation of interventions. American Psychologist, 60(5), 410-421.


197. Abela, J. R. Z., Brozina, K., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2004). A test of the integration of the activation hypothesis and the diathesis-stress component of the hopelessness theory of depression. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 43, 111-128.

198. Diener, E. & Seligman, M.E.P. (2004). Beyond Money: Toward an economy of well-being. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 5(1), 1-31.

199. Evans, Dwight L., Seligman, Martin E.P. (2004). Introduction. In Treating and preventing adolescent mental health disorders. New York: Oxford University Press.

200. Park, N., Peterson, C., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2004). Reply: Strengths of character and well-being: A closer look at hope and modesty. Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology. 23(5), 628-634

201. Park, N., Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. (2004). Strengths of character and well-being. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 23, 603-619.

202. Seligman, M.E.P. (2004). Can happiness be taught? Daedalus.

203. Seligman, M. E. P., Parks, A., & Steen, T. (2004). A balanced psychology and a full life. The Royal Society, Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, 359, 1379-1381.

204. Seligman, M.E P, Park, N., & Peterson, C. (2004). The Values In Action (VIA) classification of character strengths. Ricerche di Psicologia. Special Positive Psychology, 27(1), 63-78.


184. Dahlsgaard, K., Peterson, C., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2005). Shared virtue: The convergence of valued human strengths across culture and history. Review of General Psychology, 9, 203-213.

185. Isaacowitz, D.M., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2003). Cognitive styles and psychological well-being in adulthood and old age. In M. Bornstein, L. Davidson, C.L.M. Keyes, K. Moore & The Center for Child Well-Being (Eds.), Well-Being: Positive development across the lifespan. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

186. Isaacowitz, D.M., Vaillant, G.E., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2003). Strengths and satisfaction across the adult lifespan. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 57(2), 181-201.

187. Peterson, C., Lee, F., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2003). Assessment of optimism and hope. In R. Fernández Ballesteros (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychological assessment. (pp. 646-649). London: Sage Publications.

188. Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (in press). Character strengths before and after 9/11. Psychological Science.

189. Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2003). Positive organizational studies: Thirteen lessons from positive psychology. In K. S. Cameron, J. E. Dutton, & R. E. Quinn (Eds.), Positive organizational scholarship. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.

190. Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2003). The Values in Action (VIA) classification of strengths. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

191. Seligman, M.E.P. (2003). Positive Psychology: Fundamental Assumptions. Psychologist, 126-127.

192. Seligman, M.E.P. (2003). The past and future of positive psychology. In C.L.M. Keyes & J. Haidt (Eds.), Flourishing: Positive psychology and the life well-lived (pp. xi - xx). Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

193. Seligman, M.E.P. & Pawelski, J.O. (2003). Positive Psychology: FAQs. Psychological Inquiry, 159-163.

194. Seligman, M.E.P., & Peterson, C. (2003). Positive clinical psychology. In L.G. Aspinwall & U.M. Staudinger (Eds.). A psychology of human strengths: Fundamental questions and future directions for a positive psychology. (pp. 305-317) Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

195. Shatte, A.J., Seligman, M.E.P., Gillham, J.E., & Reivich, K. (2003). The role of positive psychology in child, adolescent, and family development. In Lerner, R.E., Jacobs, F., & Wertlieb, D. (Eds.). Handbook of applied developmental science: promoting positive child, adolescent, and family development through research, policies, and programs. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

196. Weissberg, R.P., Kumpfer, K., Seligman, M.E.P. (Eds.). (2003). Prevention for children and youth that works: An introduction. American Psychologist, 58, 425-432.


177. Cardemil, E. V., Reivich, K. J., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). The prevention of depressive symptoms in low-income minority middle-school students. Prevention & Treatment, 5, Article 8. Available on the World Wide Web: http://journals.apa.org/prevention/volume5/pre0050008a.html 

178. Diener, E., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2002). Very happy people. Psychological Science, 13 (1), 81-84.

179. Isaacowitz, D.M., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2002). Cognitive style predictors of affect change in older adults. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 54, 233-253.

180. Levant, R.F., Seligman, M.E.P. (2002). Trial by Internet: Cybercascades and the Lilienfeld case. American Psychologist, 57(3), 222-225.

181. Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). Positive psychology, positive prevention, and positive therapy. In C. R. Snyder & S.J. Lopez (Eds.), The handbook of positive psychology (pp. 3-12). New York: Oxford Press.

182. Seligman, M.E.P., & Peterson, C. (2002). Learned helplessness. In N. Smelser & P. Baltes (Eds.), International encyclopedia for the social and behavioral sciences (Vol. 13, pp. 8583-8586). New York: Elsevier.

183. Yu, D.L., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2002). Preventing depressive symptoms in Chinese children. Prevention & Treatment, 5, Article 9. Available on the World Wide Web: http://journals.apa.org/prevention/volume5/ pre0050009a.html 


173. Gillham, J.E., Shatte, A.J., Reivich, K.J., Seligman, M.E.P. (2001). Optimism, pessimism, and explanatory style. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 53-75.

174. Isaacowitz, D.M., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2001). Is pessimistic explanatory style a risk factor for depressive mood among community-dwelling older adults? Behaviour Research and Therapy, 39, 255-272.  

175. Seligman, M.E.P. (2001). Comment on “Priorities for prevention research at NIMH.” Prevention and Treatment, 4. http://journals.apa.org/prevention 

176Seligman, M.E.P., Verkuil, P. R., & Kang, T. H. (2001). Why lawyers are unhappy. Cardozo Law Review, 23, 33-53.


165. Abela, J.R.Z. & Seligman, M.E.P. (2000). The hopelessness theory of depression: A test of the diathesis-stress component in the interpersonal and achievement domains. Cognitive Therapy & Research, 24, 361-378.

166. Seligman, M.E.P., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, 55, 5-14.

Reprinted in Duffy, K.G. (Ed.). (2002). Annual editions: Personal growth and behavior. (pp. 2-5). Guilford, CT: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin.

167. Goldstein, B.I., Abela, J.R.Z., Buchanan, G.M., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2000). Attributional style and life events: a diathesis-stress theory of alcohol consumption.  Psychological Reports, 87, 949-955.

168. Seligman, M.E.P. (2000). Optimism, pessimism, and mortality. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 75, 133-134.

169. Seligman, M.E.P. (2000). Comment on Fishman’s “Transcending the efficacy versus effectiveness research debate”. Prevention and Treatment, 3. http://journals.apa.org/prevention 

170. Seligman, M.E.P., & Isaacowitz, D.M. (2000). Learned helplessness. In The Encyclopedia of Stress. (Vol. 2, pp. 599-603). San Diego: Academic Press.

171. Seligman, M.E.P. (2000). The positive perspective. The Gallup Review, 3, 2-7.

172. Shatte, A.J., Reivich, K., Seligman, M.E.P. (2000). Promoting human strengths and corporate competencies. Psychologist, 4(2), 183-196.


156. Fowler, R.D., Seligman, M.E.P., Koocher, G.P. (1999). The APA 1998 Annual Report. American Psychologist, 537-568. 

157.Gillham, J.E. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1999). Footsteps on the road to positive psychology. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37, S163-S173.

158. Miller, L. & Seligman, M.E.P. (1999).  Beliefs about responsibility and improvement associated with liberal-conservative justice beliefs.  Psychological Reports, 84, 329-338.

159.Miller, L. Seligman, M.E.P., & Sung, S.H. (1999).  Beliefs about responsibility and improvement associated with success among Korean American immigrants.  The Journal of Social Psychology, 139(2), 221-228.  

160. Morgeson, F., Seligman, M.E.P., Sternberg, R.J., Taylor, S.E., Manning, C.M. (1999). Lessons learned from a life in psychological science: Implications for young scientists. American Psychologist, 106-116.

161.Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (1999). Psychology: 2000 Yearbook of science and the future. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica.

162.Seligman, M.E.P., Schulman, P., DeRubeis, R.J., & Hollon, S.D. (1999). The prevention of depression and anxietyPreventionandTreatment.

2. Available on the World Wide Web: http://journals.apa.org/prevention/volume2/pre0020008a.html

163.Shatte, A.J., Reivich, K., Gillham, J.E. & Seligman, M.E.P. (1999). Learned Optimism in Children. In C.R. Snyder (Ed.), The Psychology of Coping. Oxford University Press.

164. Buchanan, G.M., Gardenswartz, C.A.R. & Seligman, M.E.P. (1999). Physical health following a cognitive-behavioral intervention. Prevention and Treatment, 2. http://journals.apa.org/prevention/volume2/pre0020010a. html


150. Gillham, J.E., Shatte, A.J., Reivich, K.J., & Seligman, M.E.P. (1998). Optimism, pessimism, and explanatory style.  In E.C. Chang (Ed.) Optimism and pessimism.  Washington, D.C.: APA Press.

151.Peterson, C., Seligman, M.E.P., Yurko, K.H., Martin, L.R., and Friedman, H.S.  (1998). Catastrophizing and untimely deathPsychological Science, 9, 49-52.

152.Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (1998). Psychology: Yearbook of science and the future 1999. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 374-377.

153.Seligman, M.E.P. (1998). The President’s Address. American Psychologist, 54, 559-562. 

154. Seligman, M.E.P. (1998). The prediction and prevention of depression. The science of clinical psychology: Accomplishments and future directions. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 201-214.

155. Seligman, M.E.P., Levant, R.F. (1998). Managed care policies rely on inadequate science. Professional Psychology: Research & Practice, 211-212.


145. Lee, Y.T. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1997).  Are Americans more optimistic than Chinese? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 32-40.

146. Satterfield, J.M., Monahan, J., and Seligman, M.E.P.  (1997).  Law school performance predicted by explanatory style. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 15, 1-11.

147.Seligman, M.E.P.  (1997).  Foreword and Afterword.  In Nathan, P. and Gorman, J. Treatments that work.  Oxford: Oxford University Press.

148.Seligman, M.E.P. and LoLordo, V.M. (1997).  Obituary of Richard Lester Solomon. American Psychologist, 52, 567-568.

149.Seligman, M.E.P.  (1997). Foreword.  In Luborsky, L. And Crits-Christoph, P.  (Eds.), Understanding Transference -- A Guide to the CCRT Method (The Core Conflictual Relationship Theme) A Revised and Expanded Edition.  Washington, DC: APA Books.  


142.Schneider, F., Gur, R.E., Alavi, A., Seligman, M.E.P., Mozley, L., Smith, R.J., Mozley, P., and Gur, R. (1996). Cerebral blood flow changes in limbic regions induced by unsolvable anagram tasks. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 206-212.

143.Seligman, M.E.P. (1996). Science as an ally of practice. American Psychologist, 51, 1072-1079.

144. Seligman, M.E.P. (1996). A creditable beginning. American Psychologist, 51, 1086-1088.  


139.Haaga, D.A.F., Ahrens, A.H., Schulman, P., Seligman, M.E.P., DeRubeis, R.J. and Minarik, M.L.  (1995).  Metatraits and cognitive assessment:  Application to attributional style and depressive symptomsCognitive Therapy and Research, 19, 121-142.

140. Gillham, J., Reivich, K., Jaycox, L., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1995) Prevention of depressive symptoms in school children: Two year follow upPsychological Science, 6, (6), 343-351.

141. Seligman, M.E.P. (1995). The effectiveness of psychotherapy: the Consumer Reports StudyAmerican Psychologist, 50 (12), 965-974.

Reprinted in Boletin Argentino de Psicologia.  Argentina: Ediciones ADI (Spanish), 1996.

Reprinted in Integrative Therapie.  Germany: Junfermann Verlag (German),1996.

Reprinted in Czasopismo Psychologiczne, 2.  Poland: Instytut Psychologii (Polish), 1996.

Reprinted in Integrazione nelle Psicoterapie e nel Counseling.  Italy: Edizione Scientifiche (Italian), 1997. 

Reprinted in Slife, B. (Ed.).  (1998).  Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Psychological Issues.  Tenth edition.  Guilford, CT: Dushkin/McGraw-Hill.  


135. Colligan, R., Offord, K., Malinchoc, M., Schulman, P., and Seligman, M.E.P.  (1994). CAVEing the MMPI: Seligman's attributional model and the assessment of explanatory style. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 50, 71-95.

136.  Satterfield, J.M. and Seligman, M.E.P., (1994).  Military aggression and risk predicted by explanatory stylePsychological Science, 5, 77-82.

137.Jaycox, L., Reivich, K., Gillham, J., & Seligman,  M.E.P. (1994).  Prevention of depressive symptoms in school childrenBehaviour Research and Therapy, 32, 801-816.

138. Seligman, M.E.P. (1994). What you can change & what you cannot change. Psychology Today, May/June, 33-41, 70, 72-74, 84.

Reprinted in Duffy, K.G. (Ed.).  (1997).  Annual Editions: Personal Growth and Behavior. Guilford, CT: Dushkin/McGraw-Hill, 188-195.  


132. Steptoe, A., Reivich, K. and Seligman, M.E.P.  (1993).  Mozart's Optimism: A study of explanatory style. The Psychologist, 69-71.

133.Sethi, S. and Seligman, M.E.P.  (1993).  Optimism and fundamentalism. Psychological Science4, 256-259.

134.Schulman, P., Keith, D., and Seligman, M.E.P.  (1993).  Is optimism heritable?  A study of twins. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 31, 569-574.  


127. Hollon, S.D., DeRubeis, R.J., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1992).  Cognitive therapy and the prevention of depression. Applied and Preventive Psychology: Current Scientific Perspectives, 1, 89-96.

128.Seligman, M.E.P.  (1992).  Power and powerlessness: Comments on "Cognates of Personal Control." Applied and Preventive Psychology: Current Scientific Perspectives, 1, 119-120.

129. Seligman, M.E.P., Peterson, C., Schulman, P., and Castellon, C.  (1992).  The Explanatory Style Scoring Manual.  In C.P. Smith (Ed.), Motivation and Personality: Handbook of Thematic Content Analysis.  Cambridge University Press, 383.

130. Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Girgus, J., and Seligman, M.E.P.  (1992).  Predictors and consequences of childhood depressive symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 101 (3), 405-422.

131. Seligman, M.E.P.  (1992).  Foreword.  In A. Freeman and F.M. Dattilio (Eds), Comprehensive Casebook of Cognitive Therapy.  New York: Plenum Press.  


123.Burns, M.O. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1991).  Explanatory style, helplessness, and depression.  In C.R. Snyder and D.R. Forsyths (Eds.), Handbook of Social and Clinical Psychology. New York:  Pergamon Press,  267-284.

124. Kamen-Siegel, L., Rodin, J., Seligman, M.E.P. and Dwyer, C. (1991).  Explanatory style and cell-mediated immunityHealth Psychology, 10, 229-235.

125.  Girgus, J.S., Nolen-Hoeksema, and Seligman, M.E.P. (1991).  Sex differences in depression and explanatory style in children.  Special Issue : The emergence of depressive symptoms during adolescence. Journal of Youth & Adolescence. 20(2) 233-245.

126.  Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Seligman, M.E.P., and Girgus, J.  (1991). Sex differences in depression and explanatory style in pre-adolescents.  Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 20, 231-243.  


118. Seligman, M.E.P., Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Thornton, N., and Thornton, K.M. (1990).  Explanatory style as a mechanism of disappointing athletic performance. Psychological Science, 1, 143-146.

119. Zullow, H.M. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1990).  Pessimistic rumination predicts defeat of Presidential candidates: 1900-1984Psychological Inquiry, 1, 52-61.

120. Seligman, M.E.P. & Zullow, H.M. (1990). Author's response. Psychological Inquiry, 1, 80-85.

121. Oettingen, G. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1990).  Pessimism and behavioral signs of depression in East versus West BerlinEuropean Journal of Social Psychology, 20, 207-220.

122.Seligman, M.E.P. (1990).  Foreword.  In Luborsky, L. and Crits-Christoph, P. (Eds.), Understanding Transference -- The CCRT Method (The Core Conflictual Relationship Theme).  New York: Basic Books.  


113. Burns, M. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1989).  Explanatory style across the life span: Evidence for stability over 52 yearsJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 118-124.

114. Seligman, M.E.P. (1989).  Explanatory style:  Predicting depression, achievement, and health.  In M.D. Yapko (Ed.),  Brief Therapy Approaches to Treating Anxiety and Depression.  N.Y.: Brunner/Mazel, Inc., 5-32.

115.Drake, R. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1989).  Self-serving biases in causal attributions as a function of altered activation asymmetry.  International Journal of Neuroscience, 45, 199-204.

116. Seligman, M.E.P. (1989).  Why is there so much depression today?  The waxing of the individual and the waning of the commons.  Washington, D.C.:  The G. Stanley Hall Lecture Series, 9, 77-96.

Reprinted in Ingram, R.E. (Ed.).  (1990). Contemporary Psychological Approaches to Depression:  Theory, Research and Treatment.  New York: Plenum Publishing, 1-9.

117. Schulman, P., Castellon, C., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1989).  Assessing explanatory style: The Content Analysis of Verbatim Explanations and the Attributional Style Questionnaire. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 27, 505-512.  


108. Seligman, M.E.P., Castellon, C., Cacciola, J., Schulman, P., Luborsky, L., Ollove, M., and Downing, R.  (1988).  Explanatory style change during cognitive therapy for unipolar depressionJournal of Abnormal Psychology, 97, 1-6.

109.Seligman, M.E.P. (1988).  Competing theories of panic.  In S.J. Rachman, and J. Maser (Eds.), Panic: Psychological Perspectives.  Hillsdale, N.J.:  Erlbaum, 321-329.

110. Seligman, M.E.P., Kamen, L.P., and Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (1988).  Explanatory style across the life-span: Achievement and health.  In E.M. Hetherington, R.M. Lerner and M. Perlmutter (Eds.), Child Development in Life-Span Perspective, Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum, 91-114.

111. Peterson, C., Seligman, M.E.P. and Vaillant, G. (1988).  Pessimistic explanatory style as a risk factor for physical illness: A thirty-five year longitudinal study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, 23-27.

112.Zullow, H., Oettingen, G., Peterson, C., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1988).  Pessimistic explanatory style in the historical record:  Caving LBJ, Presidential candidates and East versus West BerlinAmerican Psychologist, 43, 673-682.  


99. Seligman, M.E.P. and Yellin, A. (1987).  What is a dream?  Behavior Research and Therapy, 25, 1-24.

100. Peterson, C. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1987).  Explanatory style and illnessJournal of Personality, 55, 237-265.

101.  Seligman, M.E.P. (1987).  A reinterpretation of dreams.  The Sciences, 27, 46-53.

102.  Seligman, M.E.P. (1987).  Predicting depression, poor health and presidential elections. Science and Public Policy Seminar sponsored by the Federation of Behavioral, Psychological and Cognitive Sciences, Washington, D.C., February.

103. Seligman, M.E.P. and Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (1987).  Explanatory style and depression. In D. Magnusson and A. Ohman, (Eds.), Psychopathology: An Interactional Perspective. New York: Academic Press, 125-139.

104. Schulman, P., Seligman, M.E.P., and Amsterdam, D. (1987).  The attributional style questionnaire is not transparentBehaviour Research and Therapy, 25, 391-395.

105. Seligman, M.E.P., Rappaport, J., and Gatz, M. Sept. (1987).  The Boulder continuum and research oriented scientist practitioners.  Psychological Monitor.

106. Kamen, L. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1987).  Explanatory style and health.  In M. Johnston and T. Marteau (Eds.), Current psychological research and reviews: Special issue on health psychology, 6, 207-218.

107. Self-Administered training in the CAVE technique: Content analysis of verbatim explanations.  


96. Seligman, M.E.P. and Schulman, P. (1986).  Explanatory style as a predictor of productivity and quitting among life insurance agentsJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 832-838.

97.Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Girgus, J., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1986).  Learned helplessness in children:  A longitudinal study of depression, achievement, and explanatory styleJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 435-442.

98.  Seligman, M.E.P. and Peterson, C. (1986).  A learned helplessness perspective on childhood depression: Theory and research.  In M. Rutter, C.E. Izard, and P. Read (Eds.), Depression in Young People: Developmental and Clinical Perspectives. New York:  Guilford,  223-249.  


92. Peterson, C., Bettes, B., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1985).  Depressive symptoms and unprompted causal attributions: Content analysisBehaviour Research and Therapy, 23, 379-82.

93.Seligman, M.E.P. and Visintainer, M.A. (1985).  Tumor rejection and early experience of uncontrollable shock in the rat.  In F.R. Brush and J.B. Overmier  (Eds.), Affect, conditioning, and cognition:  Essays on the determinants of behavior. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum,  203-210.

94.Seligman, M.E.P. and Elder, G. (1985).  Learned helplessness and life-span development. In A. Sorenson, F. Weinert, L. Sherrod (Eds.), Human development and the life course: Multidisciplinary perspectives. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum, 377-427.

95. Peterson, C. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1985).  The learned helplessness model of depression: Current status of theory and research.  In E.E. Beckman and W.R. Leber (Eds.), Handbook of depression:  Treatment, assessment and research.  Homewood, IL:  Dorsey, 914-939.  


88.  Peterson, C. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1984).  Causal explanations as a risk factor for depression: Theory and evidence. Psychological Review, 91, 347-374.

89.  Alloy, L.B., Peterson, C., Abramson, L.Y., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1984). Attributional style and the generality of learned helplessnessJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 681-687.

90.  Peterson, C. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1984).  Hilflosigkeit, Attributionsstil, und Depression. In F.E. Weinert and Rainer H. Kluwe (Eds.),  Metakognition, Motivation, und Lernen.  Stuttgart:  Kohlhammer, 164-191.

Translated:  Helplessness and attributional style in depression.  In F. Weinert and R.H. Kluwe (Eds.), Metacognition, Motivation, and Understanding.  Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum Associates, 1987, 185-216.

91. Seligman, M.E.P., Kaslow, N.J., Alloy, L.B., Peterson, C., Tanenbaum, R.L., and Abramson, L.Y. (1984).  Attributional style and depressive symptoms among childrenJournal of Abnormal Psychology, 93, 235-238.  


81.  Peterson, C., Luborsky, L., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1983).   Attributions and depressive mood shifts: A case study using the symptom-context method. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 92, 96-103.

82. Visintainer, M.A. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1983).  The hope factor.  American Health, 2, 58-61.

83. Simkin, D.K., Lederer, J.P., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1983).  Learned helplessness in groupsBehaviour Research and Therapy, 21, 613-622.

84. Kaslow, N.J., Tanenbaum, R.L., Abramson, L.Y., Peterson, C., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1983).  Problem-solving deficits and depressive symptoms among childrenJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 11, 497-502.

85. Peterson, C. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1983).  Learned helplessness and victimizationJournal of Social Issues2, 103-116.

86. Volpicelli, J.R., Ulm, R.R., Altenor, A., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1983).  Learned mastery in the ratLearning and Motivation, 14, 204-222.

87. Smith, R. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1983).  Black and lower class children are more susceptible to helplessness induced, cognitive deficits following unsolvable problems. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.  


76. Visintainer, M.A., Volpicelli, J.R., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1982).  Tumor rejection in rats after inescapable or escapable shockScience, 216, 437-439.

77.Raps, C.S., Peterson, C., Jones, M., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1982).  Patient behavior in hospitals:  Helplessness, reactance, or both?  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42, 1036-1041.

78.  Peterson, C., Semmel, A., von Baeyer, C., Abramson, L.T., Metalsky, G.I., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1982).  The Attributional Style Questionnaire.  Cognitive Therapy and Research, 6, 287-300.

Translated. (1985). Germany: Stiensmeier-Pelster. (German).

Citations in Stiensmeier-Pelster, J., Attributional style and depressive mood reaction,  J. Person, 1989, 57:581-599.  And in Stiensmeier-Pelster, J. Attributionsstil und Bewertung bei depressiven versus nichtdepressiven Patienten, Zeitschrift fuer klinische Psychologie, 1988, 17: 46-54.

79.Raps, C.S., Peterson, C., Reinhard, K.E., Abramson, L.Y., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1982). Attributional style among depressed patientsJournal of Abnormal Psychology, 91, 102-103.

80.Metalsky, G.I., Abramson, L.Y., Seligman, M.E.P., Semmel, A., and Peterson, C. (1982). Attributional styles and life events in the classroom: Vulnerability and invulnerability to depressive mood reactionsJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43, 612-617.  


74.Peterson, C., Schwartz, S.M., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1981).  Self-blame and depressive symptomsJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2, 253-259.

75.Peterson, C. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1981).  Helplessness and attributional style in depression: Parts I and II.  Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykoilogforening, 18, 3-18, and 53-59.

Translated: Helplessness and attributional style in depression. In F. Weinert and R.H. Kluwe (Eds.), Metacognition, Motivation, and Understanding. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum Associates, (1987), 185-216.  


68.Seligman, M.E.P. and Altenor, A. (1980).  Coping behavior:  Learned helplessness, physiological change, and learned inactivity.  (Seligman-Weiss Debate) Behaviour Research and Therapy, 18, 459-512.

69.Seligman, M.E.P. (1979-1980).  Harris on "Selective Misrepresentation." American Psychologist, 214-215.

70.Seligman, M.E.P. (1980).  A learned helplessness point of view.  In L. Rehm (Ed.), Behavior Therapy for Depression.  New York: Academic Press, 123-142.

71.Abramson, L.Y., Garber, J., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1980).  Learned helplessness in humans: An attributional analysis.  In J. Garber and M.E.P. Seligman (Eds.), Human Helplessness.  New York: Academic Press, 3-35.

72.Raps, C., Reinhard, K.E., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1980).  Reversal of cognitive and affective deficits associated with depression and learned helplessness by mood elevation in patients. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 89, 342-349.

73.Miller, S.M. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1980).  The reformulated model of helplessness and depression: Evidence and theory. In R. Neufeld (Ed.), Psychological Stress and Psychopathology. New York:  McGraw-Hill. 149-178.  


61.Seligman, M.E.P. and Miller, S.M. (1979). The psychology of power:  Concluding comments. In L. Perlmutter and R. Monty (Eds.), Choice and Perceived Control. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum Associates, 347-370.

62.Seligman, M.E.P., Abramson, L.Y., Semmel, A., and von Baeyer, C. (1979). Depressive attributional styleJournal of Abnormal Psychology, 88, 242-247.

Reprinted in Kennedy, P. (Ed.), Research and Issues in Psychology. Toronto: Kendall/Hunt, (1984).

63.Binik, Y.M. and  Seligman, M.E.P. (1979).  Sudden swimming deaths. American Psychologist, 17, 197-206.

64.Garber, J., Fencil-Morse, E., Rosellini, R.A. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1979). Inescapable shock as a weanling impairs adult discrimination learning. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 17, 197-206.

65.Alloy, L.A. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1979). On the cognitive component of learned helplessness in animals and man. In G. Bower (Ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation.  New York: Academic Press, 219-276.

66.Altenor, A., Volpicelli, J.R. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1979).  Debilitated shock escape if produced by both short- and long-duration inescapable shock: Learned helplessness vs. learned inactivityBulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 14, 337-339.

67.Seligman, M.E.P. (1979-1980). On the generality of the laws of learning:  a "Citation Classic" in Current Contents.  


56.Seligman, M.E.P. and Cook, L. (1978). Learned helplessness and depression.   In G.E. Finley and G. Marin (Eds.), Readings in Contemporary Psychology.  Mexico City: Trillas, 270-282.

57.Abramson, L.Y., Seligman, M.E.P., and Teasdale, I. (1978).  Learned helplessness in humans: Critique and reformulationJournal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 49-59.

Reprinted in Bates, S., Dockens, W.S., Gotestam, K.G., Merlin, L., and Sjoden, P.O. (Eds.), Trends in Behavior Therapy.  New York: Academic Press.

Reprinted in Wheaton, B. (Ed.), The Quality of Social Life.  Littleton, MA: Copley Publishing Group, 1987, 259-268.

Reprinted in Cooper, C. and Pervin, L. (Eds.), Personality: Critical Concepts in Psychology.  London: Routledge, 1998.

58.Abramson, L.Y., Garber, J., Edwards, N., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1978). Expectancy changes in depression and schizophreniaJournal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 165-179.

59.Rosellini, R.A. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1978). Role of shock intensity in the learned helplessness paradigmAnimal Learning and Behavior, 6, 143-146.

60.Seligman, M.E.P. (1978). Comment and integrationJournal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 165-179.  


49.Abramson, L.Y. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1977).  Modeling psychopathology in the laboratory:  History and rationale.  In Maser, J. and Seligman, M.E.P. (Eds.), Psychopathology: Experimental Models.  San Francisco:W.H. Freeman, 1-26.

50.Miller, W.R., Rosellini, R.A., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1977).  Depression.  In Maser, J. and Seligman, M.E.P. (Eds.), Psychopathology: Experimental Models.  San Francisco:W.H. Freeman, 104-130.

51.Seligman, M.E.P. and Binik, Y.M. (1977). The safety signal hypothesis.  In H. Davis and H. Hurwitz (Eds.), Pavlovian-Operant Interactions.  Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 165-187.

52.Seligman, M.E.P. (1977).  Reversing learned helplessness and depression.  In P. Zimbardo, Psychology and Life (11th Edition).  Glenview, IL: Scott-Foresman.

53.DaSilva, P., Rachman, S.J., and Seligman, M.E.P.  (1977).  Prepared phobias and obsessions:  Therapeutic outcomesBehaviour Research and Therapy, 15, 210-211.

54.Seligman, M.E.P. (1977). Comment on Rippere's Review.  Behaviour Research and Therapy, 15, 210-211.

55.Seligman,  M.E.P. (1977).  Helplessness.  In B. Wolman (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Psychology, Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis, and Neurology. New York: Human Sciences, 5, 338.  


38.Maier, S.F. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1976).  Learned helplessness: Theory and evidence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 105, 3-46.

39.Miller, W.R. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1976). Learned helplessness, depression, and the perception of reinforcement. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 14, 7-17.

40.Rosellini, R.A., Binik, Y.M., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1976).  Sudden death in the laboratory ratPsychosomatic Medicine, 38, 55-58.

41.Seligman, M.E.P., Klein, D.C., and Miller, W.R. (1976).  Depression.  In H. Leitenberg (Ed.), Handbook of Behavior Therapy.  Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 168-210.

42.Seligman, M.E.P. (1976). Learned helplessness and depression in animals and men. In J.T. Spence, R. Carson, and J. Thibaut (Eds.), Behavioral Approaches to Therapy.  Morristown, N.J.:  General Learning Press, 111-126.

43.Klein, D.C., Fencil-Morse, E., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1976).  Learned helplessness, depression, and the attribution of failureJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 33, 508-516.

44. Klein, D.C. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1976). Reversal of performance deficits and perceptual deficits in learned helplessness and depressionJournal of Abnormal Psychology, 85, 11-26.

45. Meadow, S., Seligman, M.E.P., and Gelman, R.  (1976).  Language in the two-year old: Receptive and productive stages.  Cognition, 4, 189-202.

46.Rosellini, R.A. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1976). Failure to escape shock after repeated exposure to inescapable shockBulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 7, 251-253.

47.Hannum, R.D., Rosellini, R.A., and Seligman, M.E.P. (1976).  Retention of learned helplessness and immunization in the rat from weaning to adulthood. Developmental Psychology, 12, 449-454.

48. Rachman, S.J. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1976).  Unprepared phobias: Be prepared. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 14, 333-338.  


31. Hiroto, D.S. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1975). Generality of learned helplessness in manJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31, 311-327.

32. Miller, W.R. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1975). Depression and learned helplessness in man. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 84, 228-238.

33. Mineka, S. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1975). Conditioned drinking as avoidance learningJournal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 88, 69-80.

34.Rosellini, R.A. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1975). Frustration and learned helplessnessJournal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 104, 149-157.

35.Seligman, M.E.P. and Beagley, G. (1975). Learned helplessness in the rat. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 88, 534-541.

36.Seligman, M.E.P., Rosellini, R.A., and Kozak, M.J. (1975).  Learned helplessness in the rat: Time course, immunization and reversibilityJournal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 88, 542-547.

Reprinted in Tarpy, R.M. (Ed.), Readings in Learning and Memory. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman, and Company, 1978.

37. Miller, W.R., Seligman, M.E.P., and Kurlander, H. (1975).  Learned helplessness, depression, and anxietyJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 161, 347-357.  


29.Seligman, M.E.P. (1974).  Depression and learned helplessness.  In R.J. Friedman and M.M. Katz (Eds.), The Psychology of depression: Contemporary theory and research, Winston-Wiley.

Reprinted in Rosenhan, D. Theory and Research in Abnormal Psychology, 1974.

Reprinted in von Praag, H.M.  Research in Neurosis.  Utrecht: Bonn, Schaltema, and Holkema, 1976.

30.Seligman, M.E.P. (1974). Submissive death: Giving up on life. Psychology Today, 7, 80-85.

Reprinted in Psychologie Heute, 1976 (Germany).


24.Seligman, M.E.P. (1973).  Fall into helplessness.  Psychology Today, 7, 43-48.

Reprinted in Psychology Today, 1975, (United Kingdom).

Reprinted in Wickram, I.  Biofeedback, Behavior Therapy, and Hypnosis. Nelson-Hall, 1976.

25.Seligman, M.E.P.  (1973). Looking ahead.  In Psychology '73-'74.  Guilford, CT: Duskin, 576-577.

26.Seligman, M.E.P.  (1973). Reply to Malone.  Psychological Review, 80, 306.

27.Seligman, M.E.P. and Johnston, J.C. (1973).  A cognitive theory of avoidance learning. In F.J. McGuigan and D.B. Lumsden (Eds.),  Contemporary Approaches to Conditioning and Learning.  Washington: Winston and Sons, 69-110.

28.Miller, W.R. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1973). Learned helplessness, depression and the perception of reinforcement.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 82, 62-73.  


20.Seligman, M.E.P. (1972).  Learned helplessnessAnnual Review of Medicine, 23, 407-412.

21.Seligman, M.E.P. (1972).  Learned helplessness and depression. Proceedings of The XVIIth International Congress of Applied Psychology.  Brussels:  Editest.

22.Seligman, M.E.P. and Hager, J.L. (1972).  Biological boundaries of learning. The sauce-bearnaise syndrome.  Psychology Today, 6, 59-61, 84-87.

Translated in Psychologie Heute, (Germany) 1975.

Reprinted in Psychology Today, (United Kingdom) 1976.

23. Mineka, S., Seligman, M.E.P., Hetrick, M., and Zuelzer, K.  (1972).  Poisoning and conditioned drinkingJournal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 79, 377-384.     


16.Seligman, M.E.P., Maier, S.F., and Solomon, R.L. (1971).  Consequences of unpredictable and uncontrollable trauma.  In Brush, F.R.  (Ed.),  Aversive conditioning and Learning.  New York: Academic Press.

17.Seligman, M.E.P., Mineka, S., and Fillit, H. (1971).  Conditioned drinking produced by procaine, NaCl, and angiotensin. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 77, 110-121.

18.Seligman, M.E.P. (1971).  Phobias and preparednessBehavior Therapy2, 307-320.

Reprinted in Matarazzo, J.D., et al., (Eds.) Psychotherapy, (1971). Chicago: Aldine.

Reprinted in Seligman, M.E.P., and Hager, J. (1972).  Biological Boundaries of Learning. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Reprinted in Wickram, I. (1976).  Biofeedback, Behavior Therapy, and Hypnosis. Nelson-Hall.

19.Seligman, M.E.P. (1971).  Introduction to modern behaviorism by H. Rachlin.  Lucid molar behaviorism for the introductory student. Contemporary Psychology, 16, 571.  


11.Seligman, M.E.P.  (1970).  On the generality of the laws of learningPsychological Review, 77, 406-418.

Reprinted in Readings in Educational Psychology.  New York, Brooks-Cole,  1971.

Reprinted in XIP Readings in Psychology, Lexington, MA, 1973.

Reprinted in Mikulas, W.  Psychology of Learning: Readings.  Albion.

Reprinted in Sahakian, W.S. Psychology of Learning. Rand McNally, 1975.

Reprinted in Millenson, J.R.  (Ed.), Antologia de Analisa de Compartamento.Brazil: Thesaurus Editora (Portuguese), 1976.

Reprinted in Sahakian, W.S.  Learning: System, Models, Theories. Rand McNally, 1976.

Reprinted in McGill, T.E.  Readings in Animal Behavior.  New York:  Holt, Rinehart, Winston.

Reprinted in McGee, M.G.  Title unknown.  St. Paul: West Publishing Co.

Reprinted in Fierro, A.  (Ed.), Escritos de Psicologia: Universidad de Malaga, 1998.

12.Seligman, M.E.P. and Groves, D. (1970).  Non-transient learned helplessness. Psychonomic Science, 19, 191-192.

13. Seligman, M.E.P., Bravman, S., and Radford, R.  (1970).  Drinking: Discriminative conditioning in the ratPsychonomic Science, 20, 63-64.

14.Seligman, M.E.P., Ives, C.E., Ames, H., and Mineka, S.  (1970). Failure to extinguish conditioned drinking:  Avoidance, preparedness or functional autonomy?  Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology71, 411-419.

15.Seligman, M.E.P. and Meyer, B. (1970).  Chronic fear and ulcers as a function of the unpredictability of safety.   Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology73, 202-208.  


8.Maier, S.F., Seligman, M.E.P., and Solomon, R.L.  (1969).  Pavlovian fear conditioning and learned helplessness.  In Campbell, B.A., and Church, R.M. (Eds.), Punishment.  New York:  Appleton-Century-Crofts, 299-343.

9.Seligman, M.E.P.  (1969).  Control group and conditioning:  A comment on operationalismPsychological Review, 76, 484-491.

Reprinted in XIP Readings in Psychology.  Lexington, MA, 1973.

10.Seligman, M.E.P.  (1969).  For helplessness: Can we immunize the weak? Psychology Today, June, 42-45.

Reprinted in Clinical Psychology Today. Delmar: CRM Books, 1971.

Reprinted in Readings in Psychology Today, 2nd Edition, Palmer: CRM Books,1972.

Reprinted in Davison, G.C., Neale, M.M., and Price, K. (Eds.),
ContemporaryReadings in Psychopathology, New York: Wiley, 1974. 


6.Seligman, M.E.P., Maier, S.F., and Geer, J.  (1968).  The alleviation of learned helplessness in dogsJournal of Abnormal Psychology, 73, 256-262.

Reprinted in Mikulus, W. Psychology of Learning: Readings, Albion.

7.Seligman, M.E.P. (1968).  Chronic fear produced by unpredictable electric shock. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 66, 402-411.  


4.Overmier, J.B., and Seligman, M.E.P.  (1967).  Effects of inescapable shock upon subsequent escape and avoidance learningJournal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 63, 23-33.

5.Seligman, M.E.P., and Maier, S.F.  (1967).  Failure to escape traumatic shock. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 74, 1-9.

Reprinted in McGuigan, P.J., and Woods, P.J.  (1972).  Contemporary Studies in Psychology.  New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Reprinted in Millenson, J. R. (Ed.). (1976).  Antologia de Analisa Compartamento. Brazil: Thesaurus Editora, (Portuguese).

Reprinted in Levine, P.  Stress:  Neurobiology and Behavior.  Stroudsburg, PA: Dowden, Hutchinson, and Ross, Inc.  


2.Seligman, M.E.P.  (1966).  Comment on McKeever and Forrin.  Psychonomic Science, 5, 299.

3.Seligman, M.E.P.  (1966).  CS redundancy and secondary punishmentJournal of Experimental Psychology, 72, 246-250.




1. Seligman, M.E.P. (1975). Human excellence on wheels.  (Review of Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance). Psychology Today (U.K.), 1, 66.

2. Seligman, M.E.P.  Boomer blues. Psychology Today, Oct. 1988, 5055.

Reprinted in Rewriting Writing. Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, Second Edition, 1990.

Reprinted in Rhetoric Made Plain, Winkler, McCuen, first edition, 1995.

3. Zullow, H.M. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1989, January 29).  How presidents speak their minds. The Washington Post.

4. Seligman, M.E.P. (1991).  To the optimists will go the world.  Los Angeles Times.

5. Seligman, M.E.P. (1991-1993).  Excerpts from Learned Optimism.

    First serial publications:

In Redbook (1991, January).

In Family Circle (1991, February).

    Second serial publications:

In New Age Journal (1991, March).

In Family Therapy Networker (1991, May).

In Chatelaine (1991, August).

In Executive Female (1991, September).

In Ladies Home Journal, Parents' Digest Select (1992, March).

In Real Beauty (1993, April)

6. Seligman, M.E.P. (1992).  Wednesday's children.  Psychology Today, 25, 61. 

7. Seligman, M.E.P.  (1993, February 10).  When Black Americans play the blame game, they're bound to lose.  Chicago Tribune, 13.

8.Seligman, M.E.P. (1994). Excerpts from What You Can Change and What You Can't.

   First serial publication:

In Self (1994, January).

   Second serial publication:

In Reader's Digest, Dump that diet.  (1994, May).

Reprinted in Canadian English Reader's Digest (1994, June).

Translated in Czech Reader's Digest (1994, July).

Translated in Danish Reader's Digest (1994, July).

Translated in Hungarian Reader's Digest (1994, July).

Translated in Korean Reader's Digest (1994, July).

Translated in Norwegian Reader's Digest (1994, July).

Translated in Portuguese Reader's Digest (1994, July).

Translated in Russian Reader's Digest (1994, July).

Translated in Swedish Reader's Digest (1994, July).

Translated in Finnish Reader's Digest (1994, July).

Translated in French Canadian Reader's Digest (1994, August).

Translated in Dutch Reader's Digest (1994, August).

Translated in Latin American Reader's Digest (1994, August).

Translated in Indian Reader's Digest (1996, June).

9.Seligman, M.E.P. (1994). Learn to bounce back. Success, August. 41.

10.Seligman, M.E.P. (1995). On the virtues of optimism. Bottom Line Personal, August 1.1.

11.Seligman, M.E.P., Reivich, K., Jaycox, L., & Gillham, J. (1995). Building optimism.  Parents, September, 108-114.

12.Seligman, M.E.P. (1995). Are you too good to your kids? Ladies Home Journal, October.

13.Seligman, M.E.P. (1995). Opinion: To slay a demon preying on American kids. Knight-Ridder Financial News Wire, November 1.

14.Seligman, M.E.P. (1996). The optimistic life. Personal Excellence, February, 8.

15.Seligman, M.E.P.  (1996). Three smart ways to beat the blues.  Ladies Home Journal, (Parent’s Digest Select) April.

16.Seligman, M.E.P. (1996). Point/Counterpoint with Marcia Angel: Is pessimism bad for your health. Yes. Physicians Weekly, April 15, XIII, 1.

17.Seligman, M.E.P.  (1998).  Smart moves now.  Bottom Line Personal.  May, 11.

18.Seligman, M.E.P. and Weissberg, R.  (1998, May 28). Inflating self-esteem does a disservice to schoolchildren. Less benignly, it can stir violence, too. USA Today, 15A.  

Seligman, M.E.P. (1998). Preface. In Vazquez, M.D.A.C. Optimismo Inteligente. Madrid: Alianza Editorial, (Spanish).  

Seligman, M.E.P. (2002). And then man created God. Science and Spirit, November-December, 28-33.

Seligman, M.E.P. (2002). Debating human happiness. Slate, October 17, http://slate.msn.com/?id=2072079&entry=2072659.



1. Seligman, M.E.P. (1994).  Three tasks: Celebrating our centennial, appreciating modern assessment, and how to avoid becoming taxi drivers.  The Clinical Psychologist, 47, (1), 2-3.

2. Seligman, M.E.P. (1994).  Electronic clinical psychology.  The Clinical Psychologist47, (2), 2-3.

3. Seligman, M.E.P.  (1994).  APA in crisis:  Scientists alienated by election.  The Clinical Psychologist, 47, (3), 2-3.

4. Seligman, M.E.P. (1994).  Clinical psychology in APA:  Three hopes for the new year.  The Clinical Psychologist, 47, (4), 2-3.

5. Seligman, M.E.P. (1995-1996).  Good news for psychotherapy: the Consumer Reports Study.

In The California Psychologist, January, 29(1), 16-17.

In NYSPA Notebook, January, 8(1), 5.

In The Pennsylvania Psychologist, February, 56(2), 22-23, 28.

In The Virginia Psychologist, March, 15-16.

In Hawaii Psychologist, Winter, 19(1), 20-22.

In The Illinois Psychologist, Winter, 33(3), 18-19, 24-25.

In The Washington Psychologist, December, 49(6), 6-8.

6. Seligman, M.E.P. (1996). Presidential statement. APA Monitor, May, 11-12.

7. Seligman, M.E.P., Howard, K., O'Mahoney, M., and Lambert, M.  (1996). Aiming at the moving target: how much outpatient psychotherapy is enough? Behavioral Healthcare Tomorrow,  June, 5(3), 44-53.

8. Long-term psychotherapy is highly effective: the Consumer Reports Study.  Harvard Mental Health Letter, July, 5-7.

9. Interview with Marty Seligman, APA President-elect-elect. (1996) AAP Advance, Fall, 2.

10. Seligman, M.E.P. (1996).  The pitfalls of managed care.  Feedback: South Carolina Psychological Association, Fall, 9.

11. Seligman, M.E.P.  (1998).  President’s column: Building human strength: Psychology’s forgotten missionAPA Monitor, January, 2.

12. Seligman, M.E.P. (1998). President’s column: A big step backward. APA Monitor, Feb., 2.

13. Seligman, M.E.P. (1998). President’s column: Ethnopolitical warfare. APA Monitor, March, 2.

14. Seligman, M.E.P. (1998). President’s column: Positive social scienceAPA Monitor, April, 2.

15. Seligman, M.E.P. (1998). President’s column: The effectiveness of therapy. APA  Monitor, May, 2.

16. Seligman, M.E.P. (1998). President’s column: Striking A Healthy Balance. APA Monitor, June, 2.

17. Seligman, M.E.P.  (1998).  President’s column: The American Way of BlameAPA Monitor, July, 2.

18. Seligman, M.E.P. (1998). President’s column: Work, Love, Play. APA Monitor. August, 2.

19. Seligman, M.E.P.  (1998).  President’s column: Is Depression Biochemical?  APA Monitor, September, 2.

20. Seligman, M.E.P.  (1998).  President’s column: What is the Good Life?  APA Monitor, October, 2.

21. Seligman, M.E.P.  (1998).  President’s column: The Gifted and the Extraordinary. APA Monitor, November, 2.

22. Seligman, M.E.P.  (1998).  President’s column: Why Therapy WorksAPA Monitor, December, 2.

23. Farley, F., Cummings, N., Seligman, M.E.P., and Spielberger, C.D. (1998). APA Presidents Remember Hans Eysenck: Visionary Psychologist. The General Psychologist, 33, 36-44.

24. Seligman, M. (1999). Seligman on positive psychology: A session at the National Press Club. The General Psychologist, 34, 37-45.

25. Seligman, M.E.P. (1999). The President's Address. APA 1998 Annual Report. American Psychologist, August, 559-562.



1.Seligman, M.E.P. (1991). Bid this hand ... with Paul Soloway. Bridge Today, 4, 35-43.

2.Seligman, M.E.P. (1992).  Putting the great bull seal Over: Soloway breaks Crane's all-time record. Bridge World, 63, 15-18.



1. Subotnik, Rena F. (2000) Talent developed: Conversations with masters in the arts and sciences: Martin Seligman: author and past-president, American Psychological Association. Journal for the Education of the Gifted. 24(1), 97-108.



M1 Kamen, L. and Seligman, M.E.P.  (September, 1986).  Explanatory style predicts college grade point average.

M2 Zullow, H. and Seligman, M.E.P.  Pessimistic rumination predicts depression:  A longitudinal study.

M3 Oettingen, G., Seligman, M.E.P., and Morawska, E.T.  Pessimism across cultures: Russian Judaism versus Orthodox Christianity and East versus West Berlin.

M4 Schulman, P., Castellon, C., and Seligman, M.E.P.  (December, 1988).  Guidelines for extracting and rating spontaneous explanations.

M7 Zullow, H. and Seligman, M.E.P. Pessimistic rumination predicts electoral defeat of presidential candidates 1948-84.

M11 Peterson, C. and Seligman, M.E.P.  (1984).  Content analysis of verbatim explanations: The CAVE technique for assessing explanatory style.

M12 Seligman, M.E.P.  (December, 1984).  Pseudopatient.

M13 Seligman, M.E.P. and Yellin, A.  Dreaming as integration of visual and emotional bursts: New findings.

M14 Smith, R. and Seligman M.E.P.  Black and lower class children are more susceptible to helplessness induced, cognitive deficits following unsolvable problems.

M16 Girgus, J., Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Seligman, M.E.P., Paul, G., and Spears, H.  Why do girls become more depressed than boys in early adolescence?

M20 Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Girgus, J.S., and Seligman, M.E.P.  Depression in children of families in turmoil.

M21 Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Girgus, J.S., and Seligman, M.E.P.  Predicting onset and remission of depression in children.

M23 Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Girgus, J., and Seligman, M.E.P.  Consequences of depressive symptoms in childhood: The possible origins of dysthymia.

M24 Rettew, D.C., Reivich, K., Peterson, C., Seligman, D.A., and Seligman, M.E.P. Professional baseball, basketball and explanatory style:  Predicting performance in the Major League.

M25 Seligman, M.E.P., Schulman, P., Butler, R.P., Priest, R.F., and Burke, W.P. Explanatory style predicts grades and retention among West Point cadets.

M26 Levy, S., Seligman, M.E.P., Morrow, L., Bagley, C., and Lippman, M.  Survival Hazards Analysis in First Recurrent Breast Cancer Patients: Seven Year Follow-up.


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